The heart has plays an important role in understanding the body since antiquity. In the 4th century B.C., the Greek philosopher Aristotle identified the heart as the most important pumping of the heart. Cardiovascular disease, one of the non-communicable diseases, has become a major public health problem in many developing countries. About two-thirds of the global estimated 14.3 million annual cardiovascular disease deaths occur in the developing world. The prevalence of cardiovascular in India increased in urban populations, and in rural populations it has almost doubled in the last decade. EECP is merged as one of the newer modalities of treatment of cardiovascular disease. EECP is a non-surgical therapy for angina, Heart disease, high blood pressure, and other conditions involving poor circulation. It is a non-invasive procedure in which long inflatable cuffs (like blood pressure cuffs) are wrapped around both of the patient's legs and works by creating collateral circulation around blocked arteries, i.e. it essentially works to create a “natural bypass” around the arteries. EECP therapy many advantages over traditional management of cardiovascular disease and the cost of EECP of therapy is much lesser when compared traditional method of treatment. It has been associated with improved exercise tolerance and myocardial perfusion, as evidenced by nuclear imaging and positron emission tomography. More research will hopefully shed additional light on the mechanism of action and verify the long-term attenuation of symptoms in patients with cardiovascular disease.
Cite this article:
Hariprasath Pandurangan. Role of Enhanced External Counter Pulsation in Cardiovascular Disease. Int. J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2018; 6(3): 258-262. doi: 10.5958/2454-2652.2018.00058.6