Background: Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which affects the cells of the immune system, and destroys or impairs their function. The virus is transmitted through direct contact with an infected mucosal membrane or bodily fluids such as blood, semen, and breast milk. After an initial frequently asymptomatic phase, skin problems and upper respiratory tract infections develop, and patients begin to lose weight. Chronic diarrhea, persistent fever, fungal or bacterial infections, and tuberculosis may follow. As the disease progresses, the immune system deteriorates, slowly losing its ability to fight other infections and diseases, and ultimately leading to “immune deficiency”. The study was carried out with the objective of, to assess the bio psychosocial problems and lived experiences of AIDS patient receiving A.R.T therapy. Material and Methods: A Sequential Research Quantitative and Qualitative design (mixed research design) evaluatory survey approach was undertaken in of Pravara Medical Trust Loni (Bk). A total of 60 HIV/AIDS patients were selected with the help of purposive sampling to assess the bio psychosocial problems and lived experiences. A nurse investigator conducted a structured interview for 20 minutes to collect data. The data was analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics wherever required. Results: Study revealed that 34% of the participants belonged to the age group 40-49 years, 57% were male, 50% were married and uneducated and Hindu 37% of the participants were daily wages labor, 90% were residing in rural areas. Findings on bio psychosocial problems shows that participants have very high level of emotional distress (32.37±4.62) and least social isolation (9.90±1.31), anxiety, depression and social isolation were (13.70±2.58), (10.73±3.47) and (15.00±2.31) respectively. Physical examination revealed that all the participants (100%) had indigestion and tremors followed by impacted wax (73.33), chronic cough with sputum and dyspnea (66.66) Conclusion: Majority of the HIV/AIDS patients had moderate level of anxiety, depression, emotional distress, and least social stigma and social isolation. Majority participants were feeling of doing suicide after diagnosis 60% were ignoring, social relations also affected, praying the god diagnosis should not be true.
Cite this article:
Somnath Gopale. Assess Bio psychosocial problems and lived experiences of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome patient receiving Anti-Retroviral Therapy at Pravara Rural Hospital Loni (Bk). Int. J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2020; 8(4):279-283. doi: 10.5958/2454-2652.2020.00062.1