Compartment syndrome is ‘an elevation of the interstitial pressure in a closed osseofascial compartment that results in micro vascular compromise’. Compartment syndrome may be acute or chronic, depending on the cause of the increased pressure and how long the symptoms last. Compartment syndrome may affect any compartment, including the hand, forearm, upper arm, abdomen, buttock, and entire lower extremity. Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) most often develops after significant trauma, especially long bone fractures. However, ACS may also occur following minor trauma or from non-traumatic causes. Symptoms of ACS are pain out of proportion to apparent injury, Persistent deep ache or burning pain, Paresthesias (onset within approximately 30 minutes to two hours of ACS; suggests ischemic nerve dysfunction) Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. Immediate surgical consultation should be obtained if ACS is suspected. Hyperbaric oxygen has been described as adjunct treatment for ACS.
Cite this article:
Divya Shaji Cherian. Acute Compartment Syndrome. Int. J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2018; 6(3): 244-248. doi: 10.5958/2454-2652.2018.00054.