Children differ from adults with respect to their anatomical and physiologic response to heat stress. Normally children have a body temperature 370 C or 98.60 F and when exposed to sun the temperature may exceed more than 400 C. These differences translate into a potentially greater risk for severe heat illness, especially in children and adolescents.
Heat illness occurs along a spectrum of disease from minor syndromes (e.g., malaria, heat cramps) to life-threatening processes, such as heat stroke. A number of heat related illnesses exist such as: heat edema, heat rashes, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke which may be fatal if not treated promptly and properly.
Heat stroke is defined as a core temperature =400C (1040F) accompanied by central nervous system dysfunction in patients with environmental heat exposure.
Heat stroke is characterized by extreme elevation of body temperature (hyperthermia) and associated central nervous system dysfunction, organ dysfunction and can cause permanent brain damage.
Cite this article:
Summayya Abareen. Heat Stroke and its Prevention. Int. J. Adv. Nur. Management 2(1):Jan. - Mar., 2014; Page 34-37.