A Comparative Study to Assess the Level of Mobile Phone Addiction among Adolescents of selected Rural and Urban area of District Chamba Himachal Pradesh

 

Anju Thakur

Principal, Shakuntla Memorial B.Sc. College of Nursing.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: shakuntlanursingcollege@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Background: - Mobile phones have become a main stream product in today world and have a huge impact. It helps to socialize, create a sense of belonging to peer groups and easy access to media and environment. A part from its regular use mobile phone express individual identities. The aim of the study was to compare the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescent of selected rural and urban area. A quantitative research approach was adopted and comparative descriptive research design was used in the study. Sample of 100 adolescents from rural (50) and urban (50) area were selected by purposive sampling technique. Tools were consisting of Socio demographic variables and Structured likert scale was used to assess the level of mobile phone addiction. The data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result reveled that in rural areas 17% of adolescent had mild level, 20% had moderate level, 30% had severe level and 0% had very severe level of mobile phone addiction. In Urban areas 2% had mild level, 12% had moderate, 24% had severe level, 12% has very severe level of mobile phone addiction. It was concluded that mobile phone addiction among adolescents is one of the biggest emerging issue in Today ‘s world. It is very important to engage adolescent in outdoor and extracurricular activities and aware those about limited use mobile phone.

 

KEYWORDS: Comparative, Assess, Mobile phone, Addiction, Adolescents, Rural community, Urban community.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

“Know your Rights and Demand your Rights”

Your Cell phone has already replaced your camera, calender, and alarm clock. don’t let IT Replace your Family.”

·       India is the second largest market for mobile phone handsets, and there is tremendous increase in the number of mobile phones users1.

·       Teenagers who excessively use their cell phone are more prone to disturbed sleep; restlessness and stress and fatigue. 58% of Asians which includes Indian have comprised to use mobile phones when travelling by air2. According to the survey they have also found that Indians are the “Most Social” with 69% most likely to use their phones in the cinema halls/ movie theaters, 21% use in the place of worship, and 79% while attending a wedding ceremony, 25% users across the markets surveyed have said they used mobile phones in the meetings, 80% of Asians use a mobile phone while eating with so many utility applications being made available on mobile phones3. It to surf the internet or to pay bills, this dependency on mobile phones is escalating at a grater pace4.”

·       The Orissa Government [September 16,2008] announced that it has banned the use of mobile phones in the college campuses. “The mobile phones are found to be a disturbing element in college campus. Therefore, we have banned it in the campus,” said higher education minister Samir Das, adding that the order would be implemented in both Government and non Government colleges across the state5. In the first instance of its kind in the count Gujarat Government has banned use of mobile phones in schools and college saying it was affecting educational activities in the institutes6.

 

RESEARCH PROBLEM:

A comparative study to assess the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of selected rural and urban area of District Chamba (H.P)

 

OBJECTIVES:

1.     To assess the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of rural area.

2.     To assess the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of urban area.

3.     To compare the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of rural and urban area.

4.     To find out the association between level of mobile phone addiction among rural area with the demographic variables.

5.     To find out the association between level of mobile phone addiction among urban area with the demographic variables.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

H0       There is no significant difference between the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of rural and urban area.

H1       There is significant difference between the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of rural and urban area.

 

METHODOLOGY:

Research Approach: Quantitative research approach

Research Design: Comparative descriptive research design

Rural Area: Sarol and Chakloo rural area of District Chamba

Urban Area: Hardaspura and Paccatala urban area of District Chamba

Population: Adolescents

Target population: Adolescents of rural and urban areas of Distt. Chamba

Sample and Sampling Technique: 100 Samples, non- probability purposive sampling technique.

 

Criteria measure of level of mobile phone addiction

Category

Percentage

Border line

0-20%

Mild level

21-40%

Moderate level

41-60%

Severe

61-80%

Very Severe level

81-100%

 

Tools and Method of data collection: -

Section A - Socio demographic variables

Section B - Structured likert scale.

 

Analysis and interpretation of data

 

RESULT:

 

Table 1: Percentage distribution of sample characteristics of Adolescents residing areas Rural and Urban Area

Demographic Variables

N

(Rural Area)

%

N (Urban Area)

%

Age in (Years)

14-15

11

22%

20

40%

16-17

18

36%

22

22%

18-19

21

42%

19

38%

Gender

Male

28

58%

27

54%

Female

21

42%

23

46%

Transgender

00

00%

0

0%

Education

9th -10th

13

26%

19

38%

11th -12th

37

74%

31

62%

Religion

Hindu

43

86%

26

52%

Islam

07

14%

8

16%

Christianity

00

00%

14

28%

Sikhism

00

00%

2

4%

Family Type

Nuclear

32

64%

25

50%

Joint

18

36%

24

48%

Extended

00

00%

2

4%

Area of Residence

Rural

50

50%

0

0%

Urban

00

00%

50

50%

Semi Urban

00

00%

0

0%

Father’s Education

Illiterate

00

00%

2

4%

Metric

19

38%

23

46%

Senior Secondary

15

30%

11

22%

Graduate

15

30%

10

20%

Post Graduate

01

02%

4

8%

Mother’s Education

Illiterate

06

12%

 

 

Metric

33

66%

26

52%

Senior Secondary

09

18%

8

16%

Graduate

01

02%

8

16%

Post Graduate

01

02%

3

6%

Father’s Occupation

Government Job

18

36%

21

42%

Private Job

29

58%

27

54%

Farming

01

02%

2

4%

Retired

02

04%

0

0%

Deceased

00

00%

0

0%

Mother’s Occupation

Government Job

02

04%

15

30%

Private Job

01

02%

15

30%

Housewife

46

92%

19

38%

Retired

00

00%

1

2%

Deceased

01

02%

0

0%

Family’s Monthly Income

<10,000

09

18%

13

26%

10001-30,000

29

58%

18

36%

>30,000

12

24%

19

38%

Phone Used By You

Own self

37

74%

41

82%

Parents

13

26%

9

18%

Siblings

00

00%

0

0%

Friends

00

00%

0

0%

Numbers of Mobile Phone

Zero

03

06%

2

4%

One

46

92%

39

78%

Two

01

02%

7

14%

Three

00

00%

2

4%

Type of Phone

Key pad

00

00%

0

0%

Android

50

100%

48

96%

Tablet

00

00%

0

0%

Both(A)&(B)

00

00%

2

4%

Number Of Sims

One

30

60%

28

56%

Two

20

40%

18

36%

More than two

00

00%

4

8%

Number Of Hours used in a day

Minimum 4hrs

14

28%

3

6%

6hrs

14

28%

16

32%

8hrs

12

24%

19

38%

>8hrs

10

20%

12

24%

Amount of internet used

1GB

21

42%

13

26%

2GB

23

64%

22

44%

Unlimited data

06

12%

15

30%

Any Previous Knowledge

Yes

15

30%

26

52%

No

35

70%

24

48%

 

Table 2: Findings related to level of addiction among adolescent of rural and urban area

Characteristic

Rural

Urban

Borderline

00%

0%

Mild

17%

2%

Moderate

20%

12%

Severe

30%

24%

Very severe

00%

12%

 

Table 3: Compare the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of rural and urban area.

Area

Mean

SD

Z at 5% Table Value

Calculated Value

Rural

143.28

38.46

1.96

 

7.94*

Urban

205.2

40.22

NS= Non Significant at P<0.05level

*= Significant at p <0.05 level

 

Section 3 showed that mean score of rural area is 143.28 and urban area is 205.2. The difference between mean of rural and urban area regarding mobile phone addiction was found statistically significant at P<0.05 level. After applying Z test, it was found calculated value i.e. 7.94 is more than the table value i.e. 1.96 at P<0.05. Hence research hypothesis H1 is accepted as there was significant difference between level of mobile phone addiction of rural and urban area.

 

Association of socio demographic variables with level of mobile phone addiction:

In rural area there was association of Gender, Religion, Mother’s Education, and Father’s Education with level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents of rural area.

 

In urban area amount of internet used daily was significant associated with level of mobile phone addiction

 

DISCUSSION:

Based on the objective of the study revealed that in rural area 17% had mild level, 20% had moderate level, 30% had severe and 0% had very severe level of mobile phone addiction. In urban area 2% had mild level, 12% had moderate level, 24% had severe level and 12% had very severe level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents.

 

CONCLUSION:

From the present study it is evident that adolescent from rural and urban area both have mobile phone addiction. It’s time to focus on the measures, activities, efforts through which we can reduce the level of mobile phone addiction. among adolescents.

 

Implication of the study:

Nursing Practices:  

Nurse owes a great responsibility in educating the people regarding health hazards of using mobile phone. Nurse can used various technique like role play, Nukad Natak, Health education program in community setting that will help in reducing the level of mobile phone addiction.

 

Nursing Education:

The nurses play a key role in educating people in community, hospital settings. The investigator as a nurse felt that nurses should collaborate with educational institute, Gram Panchayat, Community representative so that level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents may reduce to some extent.

 

Nursing Research:

Nursing being the largest group n health care delivery system should take initiative to conduct further research studies on adolescent’s health alteration due to mobile phone addiction. The public and private should also encourage research in the field through materials and fund.

 

Nursing administration:

Nurses administrative should take interest in motivating the nursing personnel to improve the level of mobile phone addiction among adolescents through works shops, conference, seminar the nurse administrative should explore their potential and encourage innovative ideas.

 

REFERENCES:

1.      Toni Ann Berardo, A study to assess the level of mobile phone addiction and selfie addiction, published 7 January 2014 Vol.2 available from https://news.hamlethub.com/rivrtowns/life/167-the-meaning-of-the-mobile and selfie

2.      Dr. Vijaylakshimi. K: mobile addiction among college students Apollo of nursing. Chennai (India), Published 07 September 2018, Vol-3, page no1-13abailable from https://rrjournals.com/index.php/rrijmmp.

3.      Davey.S Teenage cell phone use. Mobile phone addiction [internet].2013[cited2017 Feb 20]. Available From: http://hubpages.com/Indians-among-most-addicted-mobile-phones-users.

4.      Sheikh M Ashraf. Mobile Phone Mania. A Techno Addiction, SKIMS Medical College, Bemina, Srinagar, [Cited 2017 Jan 18]. Avait from: https://www.gsmarena.com.reviewTag%DmobileMania&grqid=egpIXnkt&h1=en=IN

5.      Ronald E. Osbarne research on health hazards of using mobile phone. www.omnionline:org/astudy-on.some.

6.      Hacalo TS research on mobile phone health hazards www.the window club. com / mobile phone

7.      RONALD E OSBORNSE research on a comparative study to assess the knowledge and attitude www.iguhs.ac.in>onlinecdc>uploads.

8.      Dr. Jayanti P Acharaya, Indeane Acharaya and Divya Waghrey review on health effect related. To mobile https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>pubmed.

9.      Ritika Vishal Gawade, research on prevalence of selfie addiction among junior students https://www.innivationalpublishers.com/content/uploads/pdf/23691760 05-1JNH.pdf.

10.   Molly Joy, research on mobile phone addiction among college youth, (July 2016) vol – 3 (issue-4) page no. (1-5) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326264650

 

 

 

 

 

Received on 09.06.2022         Modified on 22.06.2022

Accepted on 02.07.2022       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

Int.  J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2022; 10(4):375-378.

DOI: 10.52711/2454-2652.2022.00082