Ms. Minal S. Chaudhari, Ms. Bhagyashri Dulgaj, Mr. Kalpesh Valvi, Ms. Mayuri Valvi,
Mr. Nikhil Dive, Ms. Sonal Kothwal, Ms. Taslimbano Shaikh
MVPs Institute of Nursing Education, Vasantdada Nagar, Adgaon, Nashik.
Background: The undergraduate students are just in the crucial stage from the adolescence to the adult. They required so much information from online sources, but due to lack of incomplete knowledge regarding cybercrime & cyber safety they became the victim of it. Objectives: 1) To assess the awareness regarding cybercrime and cyber safety among undergraduate students. 2) To find out the association between the awareness regarding cybercrime and cyber safety with selected demographic variables. Material and Methods: A descriptive study design was used on 60 students of undergraduate Nursing Institute. The purpose of the study was to assess the awareness regarding cybercrime and cyber safety among undergraduate students of Nursing Institute. A student nurse researcher conducted a structured interview schedule for 30-45 minutes to collect data. The collected data was analyzed by using the statistical methods. Result: The result revealed that undergraduate nursing students have significant score (15.68) of cybercrime and having poor knowledge that is “poor knowledge” of cyber safety. There was a significance association found between cybercrime and cyber safety with their selected socio-demographic characteristics like age, gender, father occupation, mother occupation, monthly family income, Time spends on Internet, Internet use as, Awareness about cybercrime, feel safe while using Internet, knowledge about Hacking, known victims of cybercrime, cybercrime investigation cell. Conclusion: As the need for information in almost all the fields is increasing, the students are suffering more on internet. Nowadays not only for information but also for entertainment and connectivity the internet is mostly used. As the use of interest is increased, in same speed the cybercrimes are increased and most of the early adult age group faced the many more cybercrimes. Yet there is need to make adults and other people aware regarding cybercrime and cyber safety.
This days computer and Internet become very necessary and useful for our daily life. Today the internet is the great mediator of our lives. In present days people can get information, store information and share information through the internet. Back 20‟s years later there was approx. 100000 people are used internet but now around 3,405,518,376 people surf the net around the globe. The growing fastest world of internet is known as cyber world. Today cyber world are fastest moving and high technology world. Asian countries are mostly using internet in the world. In Asia region India has rank top two internet users country, so India is very fastest growing country. Today internet becomes the backbone of social and economic world. Users can access the internet anytime from anywhere.1
The Internet has also bred a new kind of crime; cybercrime. Common internet users are unaware of cybercrimes. They are not aware of the proper precautionary method to prevent such attacks from taking place. Many individuals have been a victim of cybercrimes around the world. For a cybercrime to occur, the criminal only requires a computer and access to internet, cybercrimes has creation of hacking, identify theft, credit card and debit card fraud, cyber terrorism and many more crimes. Cybercrime can occur to anyone if their information or data is stored in network. But, this may have positive as well as negative effects as college students may face problem due to using the internet. There is need to analyses the present status of use and misuse of internet by youth in India, especially. The semi-urban and rural youth, when many girls become victims of cyber social networking sites and boys become victims of abuse of Internet. Online harassment is posted online about the youth for others to see. Sexual solicitation is „request to engage in sexual activities or sexual talk or to give personal sexual information that were unwanted or whether wanted or not made by 18 years old or older peoples.2
According to the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) annual report of 2016, in that 762 cases of cybercrime and Bengaluru had the second highest number of cybercrime cases among the metros, Behind Mumbai with 980 cases as well as In Hyderabad recording 291 cases, Kolkata 168, Delhi 90 and Chennai 36 cases are registered.3
According to WHO In Nasik City between January and September 2018 this year Ambad has reported maximum (353) criminal cases in the city, followed by 308 cases at Panchavati Police Station and 263 at Nashik Road. A total of 2,740 cases have been registered by all the 14 Police station in the city during this period. Compared to last year, it is a rise of 52 over last years 2,688 casess resulting rate of cybercrime is 71%.4
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
This study will assess the awareness regarding cybercrime and cyber safety among undergraduate students selected from Nursing Institute of Nashik city. The descriptive research design selected for this study. The non-probability purposive sampling technique was used for 60 samples.
Total 60 samples were participated in study.
Findings related to demographic variables:
According to age of the undergraduate students in this study, 28.33% were from the age group 18-19 years of age, 40% were from the age group 19-20, 28.33% from the 20-21 years and 3.33% were from the 21-22 years of age group. According to gender of the undergraduate students in this study, 38.33% were male and 61.67% were females. According to father’s occupation of the undergraduate students in this study, 20% were answered government servant, 15% answered as a private servant, 43.33% farmers and 21.67% were from the other category. According to mother’s occupation of the undergraduate students in this study, 11.67% were answered government servant, 13.33% answered as a private servant, 61.67% housewives and 13.33% were from the other category. According to monthly family income of the undergraduate students in this study, 20% were from the group less than Rs. 5000 monthly income, 15% from the income group Rs. 5000-15000, 35% from the income group 15000-25000 per month and 30% were from the more than Rs. 25000 monthly income group. As per the time spend on the internet by the undergraduate students in this study, 53.33% students answered less than 2 hours and 46.67% answered more than 2 hours.
In this study, 16.67% undergraduate students answered they use internet as a recreational media, 8.33% answered for the games, 45% students use internet as a educational source and 30% undergraduate students use internet as a social media. In this study 86.67% undergraduate students were aware about the cybercrime and 13.33% students were not aware about cybercrime. To the question do you feel safe while using Internet, in this study 28.33% undergraduate students answered yes, 65% answered sometimes and 6.67% students answered no. According to knowledge about hacking, in this study 60% undergraduate students answered yes and 40% answered no.
According to Known victims of cybercrime, 8.33% undergraduate students were from the group family friends, 31.67% from the group college friends, 20% from the other group and 40%studnts were not in any category. According to Cybercrime investigation cell / police station near your college, 63.33% students answered Adgaon police station, 3.33% answered Panchavati police station, 5% answered Mhasrul police station and 28.33% students answered all above them.
Findings related to awareness regarding cybercrime and cyber safety among undergraduate students:
In the present study of the undergraduate students, 13.33% were in the group I (score 0-10), 70% were in the group II (11-20 score) and 16.67% in the group III (score 21-30). The average score of the awareness was 15.68 with the standard deviation of 4.73. The minimum score was 4 and the maximum was 25.
Findings related to association between the awareness with selected demographic variables:
For the demographic variables Age, Mother’s occupation, time spend on internet, awareness about cybercrime and knowledge about hacking the p value of the association test was less than 0.05. Concludes that there was significant association of level of awareness with this demographic variable. For the demographic variables gender, father’s occupation, monthly family income, internet use, feel safe while using internet, and known victims of cybercrime the p value of the association test was more than 0.05. Concludes that there was no significant association of level of awareness with this demographic variable.
On concluding this research and analysing the collected data, it can be concluded that samples have basic knowledge regarding cybercrime and cyber safety, need more awareness regarding cyber safety. The selected demographic variables (Age, Mother’s occupation, time spend on internet, awareness about cybercrime and knowledge about hacking) were having significant association with level of awareness regarding cybercrime and cyber safety.
1. Kumar S. International Journal of Scientific& Engineering Research, April-2015;6(4)
2. Wolak J, Mitchell KJ, Finkelhor D. Online Victimization of Youth: 5 Years Later Alexandria, VA: national center for Missing and exploited children, 2006.
3. Bureau ET. Bengaluru is India’s cybercrime capital [Internet]. [Cited 01 February2019]; 7(15). Available from: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/tech/internet/bengaluru-is-indias-cybercrimecapital/articleshow/67769776.cms?from=mdr
4. The WHO, In Nashik Cases of Cyber Attacks [Internet]. [Cited January 2018]. Available from: http://www.google.com/amp/ s/www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-maharashtracyber-crimes-on-rise-detection-rates-low-2728051/amp
Received on 12.10.2020 Modified on 04.11.2020
Accepted on 28.11.2020 ©A&V Publications All right reserved