Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching Programme on knowledge regarding the effect of Drug Abuse among adolescents in selected schools at Kollam

 

Ms. Amitha Robin1, Ms. Jisha Ashi Rocha1, Ms. Linta P Mariam1, Ms. Navya Nelson1, Ms. Snovy Sebastian1, Mr. Jerin J.2

1Third Year B. Sc Nursing Students of Bishop Benziger College of Nursing, Kollam,

2Nursing, Tutor, Medical Surgical Department Bishop Benziger College of Nursing, Kollam

*Corresponding Author E-mail: jerinjviolin@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

A study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents in selected schools at Kollam. The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents, to assess the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents, to determine the association between pretest knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse and selected demographic variables. Quantitative research approach was selected with one group pretest posttest research design. Purposive sampling technique was used. The sample comprised of 60 adolescents studying in selected schools at Kollam. The researcher assesses the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme using knowledge questionnaire. Video assisted teaching programme was given to group and posttest conducted on fifth day after pretest. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of the study were, the mean posttest score (13.77±1.78) is greater than the mean pretest score (10.07±1.90) and the calculated t value is greater than the table value.  which indicate that, there is significant increase in the knowledge regarding the effects of drug abuse among adolescents. The association between level of knowledge regarding the effects of drug abuse among adolescents and selected demographic variables shows association only with religion. There is no association between other demographic variables such as gender, family history, family type, food habits. The present study suggested that video assisted teaching programme improved the knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents.

 

KEYWORDS: Effectiveness, Video assisted teaching; knowledge, effect of drug abuse, adolescents.

 


INTRODUCTION:

Adolescence is a transitional phase of growth and development between childhood and adulthood1. Adolescence is a crucial period for the beginning and experimentation with new things.2 Adolescence is the period of development that begins at puberty and ends at emerging adulthood, the typical age range is from 12 to 18 years, and this stage of development has some predictable physical milestones. It offers opportunities for growth in competence, autonomy, self-esteem and intimacy. Adolescence is a period of experimentation, exploration and search for self and risk taking. Drug abuse is an illness which can be characterized as destructive use of many serious health related and social behavioral problems. Psychological behavior changes associated with substance abuse may be mood disorder such as depression, anxiety, thought disorder such as Schizophrenia as well as personality disorder like antisocial personality traits. In adolescence, the drug abuse is a major problem defining the youth in both developed and developing countries.

 

According to National survey on drug abuse and health, in 2013, an estimated 24.6 million Americans aged 12 or older years were current illicit drug users. Marijuana was the 60 most commonly used illicit drug in 2013. There were 19.8 million past month users in 2013 which was similar to the member and rate in 2012 that is 18.9 million or 7.3% slightly more than half of 52.2% of Americans aged 12 or older reported being current drinkers of alcohol in 2013 survey.

 

NEED FOR THE STUDY:

Fortunately, cost – effective measures targeting drug abuse treatments are available. The fact increases motivation to conduct studies in order to improve interventions compatible with cultural issues. Various countries have taken measures at society level to change knowledge and attitude of the society toward illegal drugs. These interventions aimed to prevent illegal drug abuse especially among teenagers. In all countries, illegal drug economy plays a prominent role in national It is one of a public health problem globally. The prevalence of substance abuse among youth is alarming. The problem not only harms individuals but also negatively affects families and society. It is associated with various social and economic factors.

 

One of the most widely discussed public health problem in the world is the health impact of tobacco use which kills more than 6 million people every year. The Global adult Tobacco Survey reports that the prevalence of any form of tobacco use in Kerala among the adult made population is 35.5%. Globally, the numbers of drug, related death among youth were 211,000 in 2011-2012.7

In India, an NGO Survey revealed that 63.6% of children’s coming in for treatment was introduced to drug at a young age below 15 years. According to report, 13.1% of the people involved in drug and substance abuse in India, are below 20 years. Heroin, Opium, Alcohol, Cannabis, and Propoxyphene are the five most common drugs being abused by children in India. A Survey shows that of all Alcohol, Cannabis, and Opium users 2%,3% and 0.1% are below the age of eighteen. Overall 0.4% and 4.6% of total treatment seekers in various states were Children’s.8

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

·       To assess the existing knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents.

·       To assess the effectiveness of video assisted teaching program on knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents.

·       To find out the association between selected demographic variables and knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents in selected schools at Kollam.

 

Hypothesis:

There will be significant association between knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents and the selected demographic variables among adolescents in selected schools at Kollam.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Research Approach:

The research approach adopted in this study was Quantitative approach.

 

Research design:

The research design was pre- experimental design.

 

Setting of the study:

The study was conducted in St. Aloysius Higher Secondary School at Kollam district.

 

Population:

The population comprises of adolescence who are in the age group 14-17 years studying in St. Aloysius Higher Secondary School, Kollam.

 

Sample:

The sample includes adults of age group 14-17 years studying in St. Aloysius Higher Secondary School, Kollam.

 

Sample size:

The sample size was 60.

 

Sampling technique:

The researcher adopted purposive sampling technique.

 

Criteria for sample selection:

Inclusion Criteria

·       Adolescents of age group 14-17 years.

·       Those who are available at the time of data collection.

·       Those who can follow Malayalam language.

 

Exclusion Criteria:

·       Those who have already attended a formal education on effect of drug abuse.

·       Those who are mentally unhealthy.

Description of the instrument:

Section A:

·       Demographic data, which include:

·       Age

·       Gender

·       Family History of Drug Abuse

·       Personal History of drug Abuse

 

Section B:

Consists of multiple choice question for assessing the knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse including general question, causes, effect, treatment, prevention of drug abuse.

 

Data collection procedure:

The data collection will conducted on 26.02.2018 to 03.03.2018, in St. Aloysius higher secondary school Kollam. The data collection plan through using a structured questionnaire on their knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescence.  The data will collected after obtaining administrative approval and consent from principal of selected school.  The subjects were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.  Purposive sampling technique is used to select the sample.  A total of 60 samples are selecting by purposive sampling technique.  After conducting the pretest the researcher will give the intervention.  After five days the posttest will conduct and the study finding will assessed by using the same tool.

 

Section A

Distribution of sample according to the selected demographic data

 

 

Figure-1: Percentage distribution of samples according to gender.

 

The data in figure-1 shows that 81.66% of the samples were males and 18.34% samples were females.

 

The data in figure-2 shows that 60% of the sample belongs to Christian and 39% belongs to Hindu, 1% of the sample belongs to Muslim and 0% among other religion.

 

The data shows 90% of the sample belongs to nuclear family and 10% of the sample belongs to joint family. The data regarding the family history, 70% of the sample has no family history of drug abuse and 30% of the sample has family history of drug abuse. The data shows 93.3% of the sample are non-vegetarian and 6.7% of the samples are vegetarian.

 

Figure-2: Percentage distribution of samples according to Religion.

 

Section B

The pretest knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse:

This section deals with the distribution of adolescence based on the pretest knowledge of the effect of drug abuse.

 

Knowledge scores were graded into poor, average, and good based on the scores obtained in pretest. Below 10 of scores were graded a poor level of knowledge. 11-15 were graded in average level of knowledge; 16-20 were having good level of knowledge.

 

In this section the data shows that, 56.6% of the sample had poor pretest knowledge and 43.3% had average pretest knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse.

 

Section C:

The posttest knowledge on the effect of drug abuse:

This section deals with the distribution of adults based on the posttest knowledge of the effect of drug abuse.  The data shows that 75% sample had average knowledge, 20% sample had good knowledge, and 5% sample had poor knowledge on the effect of drug abuse.

 

Section D:

Table -1 Comparison of pretest and posttest knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse

 

Mean

S.D

M.D

‘t’

Significance

Pre test

10.07

1.90

3.7

14.133

S

Post test

13.77

1.78

At 0.05 level of significant

 

The data in table 2 shows that the mean difference is 3.7. The post-test mean (13.77) is greater than pre-test mean (10.07) which indicate the significant increase in the knowledge score of the adolescence. Since calculated ‘t’ value (14.13) is greater than the tabulated ‘t’ value, p<0.05 test is significant. So hypothesis H1 is accepted.

Section E:

Effectiveness of video assisted teaching.

The data shows that the mean difference is 3.7. The posttest mean is 13.77 is greater than pretest mean 10.07 which indicate the significant increase in the knowledge score of the adolescence. The calculated t” value is 14.13 is greater than the table value 2. Hence the H2 is rejected and H1 is accepted. It reveals that the video assisted teaching programme was effective.

 

Section F

Association between pretest knowledge among adolescence and selected demographic variables.

In the case of religion the degree of freedom was 2 and the chi square value 7.84 which was greater than table value 5.99 at 0.05 level of significance.so there is an association was found between religion and pretest knowledge.in case of gender the degree of freedom was 1 and chi square value 1.41 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance. So no association was found between gender and pretest knowledge. In case of family type also no association was found between was 1 and the chi square value 0.121 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance. In family history the degree of freedom was 1 and the chi square value 0.816 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance. So the data reveals there is no association between family history and pretest knowledge. In case of food habits the degree of freedom was 1 and the chi square value 0.587 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance.so there is no association between food habits and pretest knowledge.

Hence except for religion there no association was found between pretest knowledge and selected demographic variables.

 

RESULT:

Section A

Distribution of sample according to the selected demographic data:

The section deals the sample characteristics under the study. The data shows that, 60% of the sample belongs to Christian and 39% belongs to Hindu, 1% of the sample belongs to Muslim and 0% among other religion. The data reveals that 81.66% samples were males and 18.3% samples were females.

 

The data shows 90% of the sample belongs to nuclear family and 10% of the sample belongs to joint family. The data regarding the family history, 70% of the samples not have family history of drug abuse and 30% of the sample have family history of drug abuse. The data shows 93.3% of the sample are non-vegetarian and 6.7% of the samples are vegetarian.

 

 

Section B:

The pretest knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse.

Knowledge scores were graded into poor, average, and good based on the scores obtained in pretest. Below 10 scores were graded a poor level of knowledge. 11-15 were graded in average level of knowledge; 16-20 were having good level of knowledge.

 

In this section the data shows that, 56.6% of the sample had poor pretest knowledge and 43.3% had average pretest knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse.

 

Section C

The posttest knowledge on the effect of drug abuse

The data shows that 75% sample had average knowledge, 20% sample had good knowledge, and 5% sample had poor knowledge on the effect of drug abuse.

 

Section D

Comparison between pretest and posttest knowledge score regarding the effect of drug    abuse:

The data shows that mean pretest knowledge score was 10.07 and posttest score was 13.77 mean differences for the samples between pretest and posttest was 3.7 Which indicates an improvement in posttest level of knowledge.

 

Section E:

Effectiveness of video assisted teaching.

The data shows that the mean difference is 3.7. The posttest mean is 13.77 is greater than pretest mean 10.07 which indicate the significant increase in the knowledge score of the adolescence. The calculated ‘t’ value is 14.13 is greater than the table value. Hence the H2 is rejected and H1 is accepted. It reveals that the video assisted teaching programme regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescence was effective.

 

Section F:

Association between pretest knowledge among adolescence and selected demographic variables.:

In the case of religion, the degree of freedom was 2 and the chi square value 7.84 which was greater than table value 5.99 at 0.05 level of significance.so there was an association found between religion and pretest knowledge.in case of gender the degree of freedom was 1 and chi square value 1.41 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance. So there was no association between gender and pretest knowledge. In case of family type also, there was no association with the chi square value 0.121 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance. In family history the degree of freedom was 1 and the chi square value 0.816 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance. So the data reveals there is no association between family history and pretest knowledge. In case of food habits the degree of freedom was 1 and the chi square value 0.587 which was lesser than table value 3.84 at 0.05 level of significance.so there is no association between food habits and pretest knowledge.

 

Hence, except for religion there was no association between pretest knowledge and selected demographic variables.

 

SUMMARY:

This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on knowledge regarding the effect of drug abuse among adolescents in selected schools at Kollam. An experimental research approach was adopted for the study

 

CONCLUSION:

The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on knowledge of adults regarding the effect of drug abuse. The study is found to be effective. These types of studies can be conducted in other settings with larger population.

 

The present study was conducted to evaluate effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme knowledge of adults regarding the effect of drug abuse. Nursing implication of this study included in the area of nursing practice, Nursing education, nursing administration and nursing research

 

REFERENCES:

1       Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi, Encyclopedia Britanicca, Available from https://www. britannica.com/science/adolescence/adolescence

2       Natalia Jaworska, PhD and Glenda MacQueen, MD, PhD Adolescence as a unique developmental period 2015 Sep; 40(5): 291–293Available from;https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4543091/

3       Dr. Oliha Josephine A, Adolescent and Drug Abuse in tertiary institution implication for conselling, published by European center for Research Training and Developments UK British Journal of education Vol.2 No.1 pp.1-9, Mach 2014.

4       Dr. Mridula Sharma, MoniChaudhary, A Study of Drugs and Substance Abuse among Adolescents of Slum Dwellers, The International Journal of Psychology ISSN 2348-5396(e) ISSN: 2349-3429(p) Volume 3, Issue 4, No. 58.

5       World Health Organization, Global status report on alcohol and health; Design and layout: L’IV Com Sàrl, Le Mont-sur-Lausanne, Switzerland. Printed in Switzerland.Availablefrom:http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/ publications /global_alcohol_report/msbgsruprofiles.pdf

6       Elizabeth o. Egbochuku, oyaziwoAluede and Patience Oizimende, Analysis of the use, Dependence and Source of knowledge of stimulants among Nigerian University Undergraduates, Kamala-Raj 2009 anthropologist, 11(3): 213-218(2009).

7       Pratima Murthy, AniruddhaBasu, Prabhat Kumar, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Tobacco Use and its development effects in children and Adolescents 30 November 2016, pp 93-114.

8       Prashant Mehta, Evaluative Trends of Illicit Drugs Uses In India And Analysis Of Indian And International Laws of Prohibition of Drugs 0f Abuse National Law University, Jodhpur (Raj.) INDIA (Received: 05.10.2011, Revised: 15.10.2011, Accepted: 18.10.2011) ActaChim. Pharm. Indica: 1(1), 2011, 32-43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Received on 07.06.2019         Modified on 24.06.2019

Accepted on 14.07.2019       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

Int.  J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2019; 7(3):206-210.

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2652.2019.00048.9