Child Birth Methods- Mother’s Perspective, A Need to know more for Natural Birth

 

Geeta Rawat1*, Dr. Neerja Shukla2

1Associate Professor, Narayan Swami College of Nursing, Dehradun, Uttrakhand

2Professor Cum Principal, Narayan Swami College of Nursing, Dehradun, Uttrakhand

*Corresponding Author E-mail: geeta.rawat33@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Of all the rights of women, the greatest is to be a mother giving birth to a child.  Most pregnant women worry about the upcoming labor and delivery of their babies. Pregnancy and child birth are important events in any women’s life. This is a time of great hope and enjoyment. Every year about 287,000 women die of causes associated with childbirth, 99 percent in developing countries.1 The childbirth experience has always represented a very important event in women’s lives, a unique and special moment, marked by the transformation of the woman in her new role, that of being a mother.2  This article describes the most popular Natural birthing methods used in India and in many  developed countries as well.

 

KEYWORDS: Natural Child Birth Methods.

 

 

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

“A mother’s joy begins when new life is stirring when a tiny heartbeat is heard for the very first time, and a playful kick reminds her that she is never alone.”

 

Though it is a painful experience, giving birth to a child is the most memorable moment in a woman's life. But, when the delivery time approaches, the pregnant mother is always concerned about the type of delivery, which she would undergo.3

 

Labor is a normal, natural, and healthy human experience.4 Natural birth is defined as the act of giving birth, without the interference of any medical intervention.5

 

With time, many different options for delivering a baby with more medical interventions are being used. The parents should know that there are no right or wrong methods to deliver a baby. This article may help the expectant mothers to prepare a specialized birth plan for herself with the help of a gynecologist. Exploring the different forms of childbirth will help the mother to  make decision about the type of child birth, which she should prefer.

 

A righteous decision is a good way to alleviate fears and anxiety associated with pregnancy and childbirth because it provides clients with an opportunity to extend their knowledge (Whitley (1992). The goal of childbirth education is to assist individuals and their family members to make informed and safe decision about pregnancy, birth & early parenthood. It provides women with the knowledge and skills necessary to take educated and informed decisions about the birth of baby. Some of the practiced Natural birth methods are described below.

 

 

1.    Home birth6 is, the traditional birth. This is how women gave birth for centuries, before doctors began handling the process. Home births are usually attended by a lay midwife, which means a midwife who has received her education through experience rather than through nursing and midwifery school. A home birth allows a woman to labor in her own home on her own schedule and choose what positions are comfortable for her to use during birth. Home births are a natural, drug-free option.

 

2.    A water birth7 is often referred to as one of the gentlest ways to give birth, because a woman labors and gives birth within a soothing water-filled tub. The warm water helps with comfort, relaxation, and pain management. Some women labor in the water and leave the tub for delivery while others actually give birth in the water. A number of hospitals across the United States offer water birth, and those interested in home births can purchase or rent a tub. Water birthing isn't recommended in the case of breech births, multiple births, premature labor, or for those at risk for any serious pregnancy complication. The first baby to be born in India through this method is a girl child born to a  British couple in Delhi on Saturday April 28, 2017 at 6.45 am.

 

3.    The Lamaze technique,8 also known as the psychoprophylactic method or simply Lamaze, started as a prepared childbirth technique popularized in the 1950s by French obstetrician Dr. Fernand Lamaze. Based on his observations as an alternative to the use of medical intervention during childbirth. Today, Lamaze has become a popular way to get information about pregnancy, birth, and parenting through Lamaze International. The stated goal of Lamaze is to increase a mother's confidence in her ability to give birth; classes help pregnant women understand how to cope with pain in ways that both facilitate labor and promote comfort. Lamaze method  includes relaxation techniques, deep breathing exercises , movement and massage to benefit the expectant mothers.

 

4.    The Bradley Method9 educates women on trusting their own body during natural childbirth, and emphasizes natural breathing, relaxation, nutrition, exercise, and education. It is  developed in 1947 by Robert A. Bradley, M.D. (1917–1998)  It is also known as "husband-coached childbirth," the husband also attends classes and learns how to be helpful during labor. Classes last 12 weeks and are recommended for the last trimester of pregnancy. The Bradley Method is believed giving women the tools for natural childbirth which would help to save them from countless unnecessary medical interventions.

 

5.    Hypno Birthing10 teaches women self-hypnosis, which puts them in a state of deep relaxation and acts as a natural anesthesia during birth. This birth practice was developed in 1989 by Marie Mongan and is often referred to as the Mongan Method. Through deep relaxation and self-hypnosis, HypnoBirthing teaches moms-to-be how to reach a peaceful state that helps keep pain to a minimum.

 

6.    "Doula" 11comes from the ancient Greek word meaning "a woman who serves." It refers to a trained professional who supports mothers and mothers-to-be physically, emotionally, and through education. Doulas attend the birth and help ensure that any involved parties adhere to the birth plan, whenever possible, and allow the mother's partner to be involved in the birth according to his or her comfort level. Women who used doulas were not only significantly less likely to have an epidural, but also much more inclined to rate their birth experience as good.

 

7.    Acupuncture has been used in China for nearly 2,000 years to prevent pain and promote health. By inserting small needles throughout the body, acupuncture is said to balance a person's "qi," or energy. Many women use acupuncture leading up to their birth to help prepare their body for labor, and they also use it during birth to manage pain, sustain energy, lower blood pressure, and decrease anxiety.

 

 

CONCLUSION:

Though the above mentioned child birth methods are a few options available to expectant mother and they can choose any out of them. But this decision is difficult and highly individualistic and is also affected by the customs, cultural background and the availability of the health care facilities, as a health care provider it is important to note that any pregnancy could turn into an emergency. So the mothers should be registered to a nearby health care facility with skilled birth attendant to handle any emergency during labor and post labor. In India Janani Suraksha Yojna (JSY) ensures safe delivery option to people from economically weaker sections. “Healthy mother delivering a healthy baby is a universal priority”.

 

 

REFERENCES:

1.     World Health Organization, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank estimates. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012.Google Scholar

2.     Tedesco RP, Maia NL Filho, Mathias L, Benez AL, Castro VCL, Bourroul GM, et al. Fatores determinantes para as expectativas de primigestas acerca da via de parto. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. 2004 Nov-Dez; 26(10):791-8.

3.     2003A Family-Centred Maternity and Newborn Care: National Guidelines. Ottawa: Health Canada

4.     Mongan MF (2005) Hypnobirthing the mongan method. (3rd edn), Health Communication, Inc. Deerfield Beach, Florida, USA.

5.     Rathfisch G (2012) Doğal Doğum Felsefesi. Nobel Tip Kitapevi, Istanbul, Turkey.

6.     Vedam, S. (2003). "Home Birth versus Hospital Birth: Questioning the Quality of the Evidence on Safety". Birth. 30 (30 (1)): 57–63

7.     Cluett, E. R.; Burns, E. (2009). Cluett, Elizabeth R, ed. "Immersion in water in labour and birth". The Cochrane Library (2): CD000111

8.     Childbirth education: Get ready for labor and delivery, Mayo Clinic, July 25, 2009, accessed July 10, 2011.

9.     Childbirth education: Get ready for labor and delivery, Mayo Clinic, July 25, 2009, accessed July 10, 2011

10.   Wainer, N (2000). "HypnoBirthing. A radical change on our perspective of pain in childbirth". Midwifery today with international midwife (55): 36–38.

11.   "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-07. Retrieved 2014-12-04

 

 

 

 

Received on 27.07.2018       Modified on 04.08.2018

Accepted on 20.10.2018       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

Int.  J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2018; 6(4): 334-336.

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2652.2018.00076.8