Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Ebola Virus among health care workers in Elantha kuttai PHC, At Namakkal District

 

R. Radha, Shanmuga Sundari. M, Muthu Rajalakshmi. M, Praveena. A, Surthi. T, Savitha. M

Dhanvantri College of Nursing, Pallakka Palayam, Namakkal District.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: rradha.sakthiss@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Background: Ebola virus is the most dangers virus causing Ebola hemorrhagic fever the case fatality rate is about 80%. Mainly it affected the health care providers due to lack of nursing barrier techniques, it mainly affected the blood coagulation system. Still now there is no evidence of Ebola in India. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding Ebola virus among health workers. Methods: A one group pre test and post test pre experimental design was adopted for the study. 20 health workers fulfilling inclusion criteria were selected by convenient sampling in Elanthakkodai PHC at Namakkal district. A pretest was conducted by using knowledge questionnaires related to Ebola virus. Immediately after pretest STP was given to the health workers for 6 day post test was conducted to assess the effectiveness of STP. Collected data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result: In The paired ‘t’ test was calculated to analyze the effectiveness between pre and post test scores of health workers. The paired ‘t’ test value was 54.85 when compared to table value 2.09 is high. It seems that there is significant relationship between structured teaching programme and health workers. Conclusion: The findings imply the need for education about Ebola virus among health workers. Education should be extended management of Ebola viral disease and varies settings to be conducted.

 

KEYWORDS: Ebola virus, Knowledge, Structured teaching programme, Health workers.

 

 


 

 

INTRODUCTION:

Communicable disease an illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products capable of being directly or indirectly transmitted from man to man, animal to animal or from the environment (through air, dust, soil, water, food, etc) to man or animal (K. Park, 2013). Filoviridae is the only known virus family about which we have such profound ignorance.

 

We do not even understand the maintenance strategies employed in nature by the agents, and we know much less about the resulting diseases, their pathogenesis, and detailed virology. The information gathered during control efforts directed toward recent epidemics has provided considerable fundamental information about filoviruses.

 

Ebola is the second known filoviruses. Human meet the Ebola virus in Africa 1976. In the late 1970s, the international community was again startled, this time by the discovery of Ebola virus (Johnson Km, 1977). The World Health Organization (WHO) became a highly capable center for the dissemination of reliable facts about the epidemic. Large donations flowed into WHO and directly to the DRC; however, there were difficulties with the disbursement of relief supplies and resources, acquisition of appropriate types of materials, and triage of the contributions. (Heymann Dl, 1999).

 

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

The research design used for the present study was pre experimental design where one group pre and post test design was selected to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding Ebola virus among health care workers in Elanthakkodai PHC at Namakkal district. The total sample size was 20 health care workers. Purposive Sampling technique was used to select the samples for the study.

 

Prior to data collection, permission was obtained from the black health officer and medical officer in the Elanthakottai PHC, at. Namakkal district. Pre test was conducted on the health care workers by using structures knowledge questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge of health care workers. Immediately after pretest, structured teaching programme on knowledge about Ebola virus was given to the group of health care workers. Post test was conducted on 7th day by using the same tool.

 

RESULTS:

Description of sample characteristics of samples shows that most (55%) of the health workers were in the age group of 35–45 years. Health workers (60%) are females in the study. 65% had completed degree courses. 80% of health workers belongs to Hindu religion. 55% of health workers had 15–20 years of working experience. 85% of the subjects took mixed diet.

 

Frequency and percentage distribution of pretest and posttest score of knowledge among health workers depicts that in pretest most (70%) of them had poor knowledge and only (6%) of them were average. Whereas in posttest score most (80%) of them were good and only 20% of them average knowledge of Ebola virus.

 

Table 1 Paired ‘t’ test value of pre and post test scores of health workers

Variables

Paired ‘t’ test value

Table value

Level of significant (p)

History

3.12

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Introduction

3.90

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Definition

3.29

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Incidence and epidemiology

2.8

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Structure and classification

7.25

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Causes

4.50

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Transmission

6.29

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Signs and symptoms

7.19

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Diagnosis

5.15

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Management, prevention and control

11.5

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Total

54.85

2.09

P<0.05 significant

Df: 19 table value=2.09 p<0.05 significant p>0.05 no significant

The paired‘t’ test was calculated to analyze the effectiveness between pre and post test scores of health workers. The paired‘t’ test value was 54.85 when compared to table value 2.09 is high. Comparison of mean, SD, mean percentage of pre and post test scores revels that, the overall mean percentage of score for pretest was 32% whereas in posttest it was 78% revealing a difference of 46%. It depicts that the structured teaching programme on Ebola virus was effective among health workers (Table-1). No significant association between the posttest scores when compared to age, gender, education, religion, occupation, working experience, type of family and dietary pattern, (p>0.05).

 

DISCUSSION:

In this present study structured teaching programme was highly effective on Ebola virus. This finding is highly supported by the research work of Sierra Leone (2014) conducted in 1413 individuals from 706 households in western rural, western urban, kenema, moyamba, kambia district. 95% confidences level about 6 million national population between the age group of 15-24. Study to examine the public knowledge, attitudes and practices related to Ebola virus. Identify barriers that hinder the containment of Ebola virus. The result of awareness is high, denial is low, but there are serious misconception everyone believes that 97%. 77% people heard of someone who survived Ebola.1-3 respondents believe that Ebola virus is transmitted by air or through mosquito bites. 2 in 5 believe that they can protect themselves. (WHO, 2014)

 

REFERENCE:

1.       Heymann DL, Weisfeld JS, Webb PA, Johnson KM, Cairns Berquist H. Ebola hemorrhagic fever: Tandala, Zaire, 1977–1978. J Infect Dis 1980; 142:372-6.

2.       Johnson KM, Webb PA, Lange JV, Murphy FAIsolation and characterization of a new virus (Ebola virus) causing acute hemorrhagic fever in Zaire. Lancet 1977; 1:569-71.

3.       K. Park, (2013). Preventive and social medicine (20th edition). India. Bhanoth Publishers.

4.       World Health Organization (2014). Global Alert and Response (GAR) - Ebola virus disease - Disease outbreak news.

5.       Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation, Ebola Update. August 7th 2014.

 

 

 

 

Received on 20.08.2018       Modified on 11.09.2018

Accepted on 12.10.2018       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

Int.  J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2018; 6(4): 313-314.

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2652.2018.00071.9