A  Study to assess the knowledge on    prevention  of asthma among farmers in selected settings Mysuru.

 

Lingaraju.CM*, Santosh kumar SK, Munirathnamma

JSS College  of Nursing, Mysuru Karnataka

*Corresponding Author’s Email: lingarajucm2012@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Background: Asthma Is One of the Common Respiratory Problem Occurs in Farmers, In India, there are approximately 40 million people are suffering from Asthma and the number is rising every day. Asthma has recorded to be high in Karnataka. Objectives: To assess the knowledge on asthma among farmers in selected settings Mysuru. And To determine the association between the level of the knowledge on asthma with their selected personnel variable. METHODOLOGY: Research approach: Descriptive research approach was used for this study. Research Design: The descriptive research design selected for this study. Setting: Setting refers to the area where the study is conducted. This study was conducted on Bhanchallihundi rural areas of Hadinaru PHC, Mysuru. Population: The target population for the study was farmers of Bhanchallihundi rural areas of Hadinaru PHC, Mysuru. Sample: Farmers of Bhanchallihundi rural areas of Hadinaru PHC, Mysuru.

Participants: 30 farmers. Sampling Techniques: Convenience sampling technique was used to select the sample. RESULT: The Majority Of The Farmers Having Moderate Knowledge On Asthma Follows Few Farmers Have Adequate Knowledge. The Overall Mean Knowledge Scores of The Farmers Is 22.13 With SD4, 04, And Out Of Many Variable Age Education Qualification, Source Of Information Was Found To Be Significant With The Knowledge Of 0.05 Level.

 

KEYWORDS: Asthma, Farmers.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Farmers are living in countryside were believed to be healthier than the general population. Exposure to fresh countryside air and physical work were thought to be the source of this improved health. During the 20th century this agrarian myth was shown to be incorrect—farmers not only had significantly higher rates of mortality from occupational injuries, but they also had higher rates of many chronic respiratory diseases such as COPD.  Cardiovascular   Disease. Much of the air that farmers breathe is dirty and sometimes lethal.  Asthma Farmer’s Lung and Organic Dust Toxicity Syndrome (ODTS) are names given to two farm occupational diseases caused by inhaling airborne mold spores.

The close contact of the agricultural workers with animals or their products increases the likelihood of contracting diseases.2 Asthma was significantly higher in cattle farmers. Exposure to endotoxins and fungal spores appears to have a protective effect on atopic asthma but may induce non-atopic asthma in farmers. It is quite possible that this condition might be widespread in India considering the bulk of the population engaged in agricultural work.1
 
The prevalence of asthma worldwide is around 200 million with a mortality of around 0.2 million per year according to a consensus statement developed under the World Health Organization- government of India collaborative programme. Though the prevalence is more in the developed countries, the developing countries have a higher burden of the disease due to differences in population. In India, the estimated burden of asthma is believed to be more than 15 million.2
In India, there are approximately 40 million people are suffering from Asthma and the number is rising every day. Asthma has recorded to be high in Karnataka, and lowest in Punjab.15In India 80 percent of asthma patients are below 40 years of age and another 19 percent between 40 – 60 years. In Bangalore approximately 7.1 percent of the population is suffering from allergic asthma and 42.5 percent population is sensitive to pollen. The prevalence of asthma is large and increasing in all countries according to the findings undertaken over the last 20 years and number of changes became combined cause for the higher prevalence of Bronchial Asthma.3

 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

A  Study to assess the knowledge on prevention  of asthma among farmers in selected settings Mysuru.

 

OBJECTIVES:

1.    To assess the knowledge on asthma among farmers in Bhanchallihundi Rural Community Mysuru.

2.    To determine the association between the level of the knowledge on asthma with their selected personnel variable.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

H1: There will be a significant association between the knowledge score on prevention of asthma and selected demographic variable of farmers.

 

H0: There will not be a significant association between the knowledge score on prevention of asthma and selected demographic variable of farmers.

 

METHODOLOGY:

Research approach: Descriptive research approach was used for this study.

Research Design: The descriptive research design selected for this study.

Setting: Setting refers to the area where the study is conducted. This study was conducted on Bhanchallihundi rural areas of Hadinaru PHC, Mysuru.

Population: The target population for the study was farmers of selected rural areas of Hadinaru PHC, Mysuru

Sample: Farmers of selected rural areas of Hadinaru PHC, Mysuru.

Sample Size:   30 farmers.

Sampling Techniques: Convenience sampling technique was used to select the sample

 

Criteria for Selection of Sample

Inclusion Criteria

(i) Farmers who are in selected rural areas of Hadinaru PHC, Mysuru.

(ii) Farmers who are willing to participate in the study.

(iv)  Farmers of both genders.

v). Farmers who are available at the time of data collection.

Exclusion  Criteria.

(ii) Farmers with co-morbid medical illness

 

Data Collection Instrument

In this Study, the tools consisted of interview schedule to assess the knowledge of farmers on asthma.

 

Development of the Tool

Selection of the Tool: Interview schedule was selected for the study to assess the knowledge of farmers.

Development of the Tool: The tool was developed on the basis of the objectives of the study. The following steps were adopted in the development of the tool.

 

Description of the Tool

The interview schedule was designed with two parts.

Part 1: Part one consisted of items pertaining to the demographic variables,

Part 2: Part two consisted of 30 items pertaining to asthma and its prevention and management.

 

RESULTS:

1.    To assess the knowledge on asthma among farmers in selected settings Mysuru.

Know ledge 

No of items

Range

Mean 

 SD

Mean % of Know ledge

Min

Max

 

 

30

16

29

22.13

4.04

73.76 

 

 

 

Graphical Representation of Level of Knowledge on Asthma among Farmers.

 

2.    To determine the association between the level of the knowledge on asthma with their selected personnel variable: The Selected Personal Variable Such As Age Education, Qualification, And Source Of  Information Was Found To Have Significant Association With Level Of Knowledge 0.05 Level.

 

CONCLUSION:

The Majority Of The Farmers Having Moderate Knowledge On Asthma Follows Few Farmers Have Adequate Knowledge. The Overall Mean Knowledge Scores Of The Farmers Is 22.13 With Sd4, 04, And Out Of Many Variable Age Education Qualification, Source Of Information Was Found To Be Significant With The Knowledge Of 0.05 Level.

 

RECOMMENDATION:

The Following Recommendation Were Made Based On The Result Of The Study.

1.    A Large Scale Study Can Be Conducted   to Generalize the Findings.

2.    Similar Study Can Be Conducted In Various Settings To Assess The Awareness on Asthma.

3.    Large Scale Study Can Be Conducted To Assess The Attitude And Practice to Treat The Asthma.

 

ACKNOWLWDGEMENT:

It’s my pleasure and privilege to express my deep sence of gratitude to Prof. Sheela William’s Principal, JSS College of Nursing, for the support to conduct this study and librarian Mr.  Kesavamurthy who helps a lot for finding the reviews.

 

REFERENCE:

1.     Eduard W, Heederik D, Douwes J,. Omenaas E, Do farming      exposures cause or prevent asthma? Thorax .2004 May; 56(5):      381-6.

2.     http//www.n/m n/h gov/med/inplus/ asthma in India htm.

3.     Sriramarao P, Nagpal S, Subbarao BS, Om Prakash, Subbarao PV.             Prevalence of parthenium pollen in Bangalore. Journal of         respiratory infections and diseases. New Delhi. 1991 Dec; 13(2):                 225-230.

 

 

 

Received on 03.09.2016          Modified on 17.09.2016

Accepted on 29.10.2016          © A&V Publications all right reserved

Int. J. Adv. Nur. Management. 2016; 4(4): 404-406.

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2652.2016.00089.5