A Study to assess the Knowledge and Attitude regarding basic life support among traffic police in selected Districts of Gujarat with a view to Develop an Information Booklet

 

Mr. Kaushal Patidar1, Ms. Ponamalar Pooja2

1Associate Professor, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu.

2Second Year M.SC Student, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu

*Corresponding Author E-mail: pm81330@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge regarding Basic Life Support among Traffic police, to assess the attitude towards the Basic Life Support among Traffic Police, to correlate the knowledge and attitude regarding the basic life support among traffic police, to find out the association of knowledge regarding Basic life support among traffic police with their selected demographic variables, To find out the association of attitude towards Basic life support among traffic police with their selected demographic variables. Participants: The study was conducted among 100 traffic police of Ahmedabad District. Design: The research approach used in the study was quantitative research approach, descriptive survey research design and the sampling technique was non- probability convenient sampling technique. Tool: The Knowledge of the samples was collected, using the Structured Knowledge Questionnaire and the attitude of the samples were assessed, using attitude scale. Result: The results of the study showed that Knowledge Score is (12.99±2.37) and the attitude score is (18.07±6.61). It was also found that, there was no association between Pre-test level of knowledge, and selected Socio-Personal variables.

 

KEYWORDS: Basic Life Support, Traffic Police and Information booklet.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Around 7.5 lakh people die of sudden cardiac arrests every year in India. More than 80% of these emergencies occur outside a hospital setting. Coronary perfusion pressure is a critical determinant of whether a return of spontaneous circulation will occur. "Either the whole population has to be trained in CPR or we turn to a portable machine in ambulances and hospitals to do the job," Amit Sharma, a fellow, told Times City.

 

1Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of mortality in India, and the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest rarely exceeds 5%. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to increase survival for cardiac arrest victims. The incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is estimated to be 55 per 100,000 of population worldwide, resulting in more than 17,875 deaths annually. Road Traffic accidents are the most frequent condition leading to cardiac arrest2

 

Basic life support consists of essential non-invasive life-saving procedures including CPR, bleeding control, splinting broken bones, artificial ventilation, and basic airway management. Basic life support (BLS) encompasses a series of skills that can be used to support, or save, someone's life. Emergency medical personnel are trained to use BLS skills, which may also include the use of specialized medical equipment and medications, depending on state laws. However, anyone can learn basic life support skills through an appropriate training program and become armed with the ability to save a life.3

 

A pre-experimental study was conducted Amsterdam, Netherlands with the aim to evaluate the effectiveness of BLS among police officers in 1999-2000. Eight hundred twenty-three (823) police officers were selected as sample for study and trained in BLS and automated external defibrillator. Result was that BLS skill improved significantly (p<0.001) in all criteria. Conclusion was that the majority of police officers could be trained to effectively perform BLS skills and use automated external defibrillators (AEDs).4

 

OBJECTIVES:

1.     To assess the knowledge regarding basic life support among traffic police.

2.     To assess the attitude towards basic life support among traffic police.

3.     To correlate the knowledge and attitude regarding the basic life support among traffic police.

4.     To find out the knowledge regarding Basic life support among traffic police with their selected demographic variables.

5.     To find out the attitude towards Basic life support among traffic police with their selected demographic variables.

 

ASSUMPTIONS:

·       Traffic police may have some knowledge regarding basic life support

·       Traffic police may have positive, negative or neutral attitude towards basic life support.

 

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Descriptive survey design and quantitative research approach are used to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding Basic Life Support. Non-probability convenient sampling techniques were used. A structured knowledge questionnaire and attitude scale was selected to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding Basic Life Support.

 

MAJOR FINDINGS:

Highest percentage (42%) of traffic police were in the age group of 31-38 year. Majority (65%) of traffic police were male. Majority (31%) of traffic police were under graduate. Majority (51%) of traffic police have 12-33 years of experience. Majority (73%) of traffic police have previous knowledge regarding Basic Life Support.

 

 

Findings reveals that Knowledge Score is (12.99±2.37) and the attitude score is (18.07±6.61) and the correlation between knowledge and attitude is r= 0.028, so there is positive correlation between two sets. It was also found that, there was no association between Pre-test level of knowledge, and selected Socio-Personal variables.

 

CONCLUSION:

The major conclusion from this study was found that (59%) of sample had poor knowledge (score: 0–13) regarding Basic life support, (66%) of sample had favorable attitude towards Basic life support.

 

REFERENCE:

1.      http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2008-12-16/delhi/27933422_1_compressions-cpr-cardiac-arrest

2.      Christian Vaillancourt. Heart code [tm] bls with voice assisted manikin for teaching nursing students: preliminary results. (teaching with technology / basic life support) . November 5, 2008.

3.      Luckmans.A text book of medical surgical nursing. W. B. Saunders publication.2006.2. Rod Brouhard. Types of basic life support. Nov 12, 2009.

4.      Kooij F, van Alem F, Koster R, de Vos R. Training of police officers as first responders with an automated external defibrillator. Resuscitation; 63 (1):33- 41.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Received on 21.08.2018         Modified on 11.10.2018

Accepted on 20.11.2018       ©A&V Publications All right reserved

Int.  J. of Advances in Nur. Management. 2019; 7(2):125-126.

DOI: 10.5958/2454-2652.2019.00031.3